15215 S. 48th Street Suite 120
Phoenix, AZ 85044
Phone: 480.706.6580 
3011 S. Lindsay Road Suite 111
Gilbert, AZ 85295
Phone: 480.507.5011 
36359 N. Gantzel Road Suite 103
San Tan Valley, AZ 85140
Phone: 480.636.1193

 

Our team of professionals and staff believe that informed patients are better equipped to make decisions regarding their health and well-being. For your personal use, we have created an extensive patient library covering an array of educational topics, which can be found on the side of each page. Browse through these diagnoses and treatments to learn more about topics of interest to you.

Please note that this information is for your personal use only, which is available to educate you about certain skin conditions or possible treatments. It is not intended to replace an appropriate evaluation and treatment plan with one of our providers.

As always, you can contact our office to answer any questions or concerns.



Acne is the most frequent skin condition in the United States. It is characterized by pimples that appear on the face, back and chest. Every year, about 80% of adolescents have some form of acne and about 5% of adults experience acne.

Acne is made up of two types of blemishes:

  • Whiteheads/Blackheads, also known as comedones, are non-inflammatory and appear more on the face and shoulders. As long as they remain uninfected, they are unlikely to lead to scarring.
  • Red Pustules or Papules are inflamed pores that fill with pus. These can lead to scarring.

Causes

In normal skin, oil glands under the skin, known as sebaceous glands, produce an oily substance called sebum. The sebum moves from the bottom to the top of each hair follicle and then spills out onto the surface of the skin, taking with it sloughed-off skin cells. With acne, the structure through which the sebum flows gets plugged up. This blockage traps sebum and sloughed-off cells below the skin, preventing them from being released onto the skin’s surface. If the pore’s opening is fully blocked, this produces a whitehead. If the pore’s opening is open, this produces blackheads. When either a whitehead or blackhead becomes inflammed, they can become red pustules or papules.

It is important for patients not to pick or scratch at individual lesions because it can make them inflamed and can lead to long-term scarring.

Treatment

Treating acne is a relatively slow process; there is no overnight remedy. Some treatments include:

  • Benzoyl Peroxide — Used in mild cases of acne, benzoyl peroxide reduces the blockages in the hair follicles.
  • Oral and Topical Antibiotics — Used to treat any infection in the pores.
  • Hormonal Treatments — Can be used for adult women with hormonally induced acne.
  • Tretinoin — A derivative of Vitamin A, tretinoin helps unplug the blocked-up material in whiteheads/blackheads. It has become a mainstay in the treatment of acne.
  • Extraction — Removal of whiteheads and blackheads using a small metal instrument that is centered on the comedone and pushed down, extruding the blocked pore.

 

Ahwatukee:
15215 S. 48th Street, Suite 120
Phoenix, AZ 85044
Phone: 480.706.6580
Fax: 480.706.8157

Gilbert:
3011 S. Lindsay Road, Suite 111
Gilbert, AZ 85295
Phone: 480.507.5011
Fax: 480.355.1999

San Tan Valley:
36359 N. Gantzel Road, Suite 103
San Tan Valley, AZ 85140
Phone: 480.636.1193
Fax: 480.664.3661