15215 S. 48th St.
Suite 120

Phoenix, AZ 85044
480-706-6580
3011 S. Lindsay
Rd. Suite 111
Gilbert, AZ 85295
480-507-5011
36359 N. Gantzel
Rd. Suite 103

San Tan Valley, AZ 85140
480-636-1193 
3102 E. Indian School Rd.
#140

Phoenix, AZ 85016
602-266-0266
20950 N. Tatum
Blvd #350

Phoenix, AZ 85050
480-502-6651
1729 North Trekell
Rd. #124

Casa Grande, AZ 85122
520-421-7100
1242 E. McKellips
Rd. #103

Mesa, AZ 85203
480-962-4269
230 S. 3rd St.
Suite B-4

Phoenix, AZ 85004
602-374-2415
 

Our team of professionals and staff believe that informed patients are better equipped to make decisions regarding their health and well-being. For your personal use, we have created an extensive patient library covering an array of educational topics, which can be found on the side of each page. Browse through these diagnoses and treatments to learn more about topics of interest to you.

Please note that this information is for your personal use only, which is available to educate you about certain skin conditions or possible treatments. It is not intended to replace an appropriate evaluation and treatment plan with one of our providers.

As always, you can contact our office to answer any questions or concerns.

Eczema is a general term used to describe an inflammation of the skin. In fact, eczema is a series of chronic skin conditions that produce itchy rashes; scaly, dry and leathery areas; skin redness; or inflammation around blisters. It can be located anywhere on the body, but most frequently appears in the creases on the face, arms and legs. Itchiness is the key characteristic and symptom of eczema. When scratched, the lesions may begin to ooze and get crusted. Over time, painful cracks in the scaly, leathery tissue can form.

Eczema affects people of all races, genders and ages. It is thought to be hereditary and is not contagious. The cause of eczema remains unknown, but it usually has physical, environmental or lifestyle triggers. Coming into contact with a trigger, such as wind or an allergy-producing fabric, launches the rash and inflammation. Although it is possible to get eczema only once, the majority of cases are chronic and are characterized by intermittent flare-ups throughout a person's life.

For mild cases, over-the-counter topical creams and antihistamines can relieve the itching. In persistent cases, a dermatologist will likely prescribe stronger medicine, such as steroid creams, oral steroids (corticosteroids), antibiotic pills or antifungal creams to treat any potential infection.

The best form of prevention is to identify and remove the trigger. You should also use mild cleansers and keep your skin well moisturized at all times. Also avoid scratching the rash (which can lead to infection) and situations that make you sweat, such as strenuous exercise.

Leading Types of Eczema

Eczema takes on different forms depending on the nature of the trigger and the location of the rash. While they all share some common symptoms – like itchiness – there are differences. Following are some of the most common types of eczema.

Atopic Dermatitis

The most frequent form of eczema, atopic dermatitis is thought to be caused by abnormal functioning of the body's immune system. It is characterized by itchy, inflamed skin. Atopic dermatitis tends to run in families. About two-thirds of the people who develop this form of eczema do so before the age of one. Atopic dermatitis generally flares up and recedes intermittently throughout the patient's life.

Contact Dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is caused when the skin comes into contact with an allergy-producing agent or an irritant, such as chemicals. Finding the triggering allergen is important to treatment and prevention. Allergens can be things like laundry detergent, cosmetics, jewelry, fabrics, perfume, diapers and poison ivy or poison sumac.

Dyshidrotic Dermatitis

This type of eczema strikes the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. It produces clear, deep blisters that itch and burn. Dyshidrotic dermatitis occurs most frequently during the summer months and in warm climates.

Neurodermatitis

Also known as Lichen Simplex Chronicus, this is a chronic skin inflammation caused by a continuous cycle of scratching and itching in response to a localized itch, like a mosquito bite. It creates scaly patches of skin, most commonly on the head, lower legs, wrists or forearms. Over time, the skin may become thickened and leathery.

Nummular Dermatitis

This form of eczema appears as round patches of irritated skin that may be crusted, scaly and extremely itchy. Nummular dermatitis most frequently appears on the arms, back, buttocks and lower legs, and is usually a chronic condition.

Seborrheic Dermatitis

Seborrheic dermatitis is a common condition that causes yellowish, oily and scaly patches on the scalp, face or other body parts. Dandruff, in adults, and cradle cap, in infants, are both forms of seborrheic dermatitis. Unlike other types of eczema, seborrheic dermatitis does not necessarily itch. It tends to run in families. Known triggers include weather, oily skin, emotional stress and infrequent shampooing.

Stasis Dermatitis

Also known as varicose eczema, this form of eczema is a skin irritation that appears on the lower legs of middle-aged and elderly people. It is related to circulation and vein problems. Symptoms include itching and reddish-brown discoloration of the skin on one or both legs. As the condition progresses, it can lead to blistering, oozing and skin lesions.


 
Our Offices

Ahwatukee:
15215 S. 48th Street, Suite 120
Phoenix, AZ 85044
Phone: 480.706.6580
Fax: 480.706.8157
 
Gilbert:
3011 S. Lindsay Road, Suite 111
Gilbert, AZ 85295
Phone: 480.507.5011
Fax: 480.355.1999
 
San Tan Valley:
36359 N. Gantzel Road, Suite 103
San Tan Valley, AZ 85140
Phone: 480.636.1193
Fax: 480.664.3661
 
Downtown Phoenix:
230 S. 3rd St. Suite B-4
Phoenix, AZ 85004
Phone: 602.374.2415
 
Central Phoenix​:
3102 E. Indian School
Rd. #140
Phoenix, AZ 85016
Phone: 602.266.0266
 
North Phoenix​:
20950 N. Tatum Blvd #350
Phoenix, AZ 85050
Phone: 480.502.6651
 
Casa Grande:
1729 North Trekell Road, #124
Casa Grande, AZ 85122
Phone: 520.421.7100
 
Mesa:
1242 E. McKellips Road, #103
Mesa, AZ 85203
Phone: 480.962.4269