15215 S. 48th St.
Suite 120

Phoenix, AZ 85044
480-706-6580
3011 S. Lindsay
Rd. Suite 111
Gilbert, AZ 85295
480-507-5011
36359 N. Gantzel
Rd. Suite 103

San Tan Valley, AZ 85140
480-636-1193 
3102 E. Indian School Rd.
#140

Phoenix, AZ 85016
602-266-0266
20950 N. Tatum
Blvd #350

Phoenix, AZ 85050
480-502-6651
1729 North Trekell
Rd. #124

Casa Grande, AZ 85122
520-421-7100
1242 E. McKellips
Rd. #103

Mesa, AZ 85203
480-962-4269
230 S. 3rd St.
Suite B-4

Phoenix, AZ 85004
602-374-2415
 

Our team of professionals and staff believe that informed patients are better equipped to make decisions regarding their health and well-being. For your personal use, we have created an extensive patient library covering an array of educational topics, which can be found on the side of each page. Browse through these diagnoses and treatments to learn more about topics of interest to you.

Please note that this information is for your personal use only, which is available to educate you about certain skin conditions or possible treatments. It is not intended to replace an appropriate evaluation and treatment plan with one of our providers.

As always, you can contact our office to answer any questions or concerns.

Lyme disease is a bacterial illness and inflammatory disease that spreads through tick bites. Deer ticks house the spirochete bacterium (Borellia burgdorferi) in their stomachs. When one of these ticks bites the human skin, it may pass the bacteria into the body. These ticks tend to be attracted to creases in the body, so Lyme disease most often appears in armpits, the nape of the neck or the back of knees. It can cause abnormalities in the skin, heart, joints and nervous system.

Lyme disease was first identified in 1975 in Old Lyme, Connecticut. More than 150,000 cases have been reported to the Centers for Disease Control since 1982. Cases have been reported from every state, although it is more commonly seen in the Northeast, Upper Midwest and Pacific Coast. Lyme disease has also been reported in European and Asian countries.

There are three phases to the disease:

Early Localized Phase. During this initial phase, the skin around the bite develops an expanding ring of redness. The ring may have a bull's eye appearance with a bright red outer ring surrounding clear skin in the center. Most people don't remember being bitten by a tick. More than one in four patients never gets a rash. The skin redness may be accompanied by fatigue, chills, muscle and joint stiffness, swollen lymph nodes and/or headaches.

Early Disseminated Phase. Weeks to months after the rash disappears, the bacteria spread throughout the body, impacting the joints, heart and nervous system. Symptoms include migrating pain in the joints, neck ache, tingling or numbing of the extremities, enlarged lymph glands, sore throat, abnormal pulse, fever, changes in vision or fatigue.

Late Dissemination Phase. Late in the dissemination of the disease, patients may experience an inflammation of the heart, which can lead to heart failure. Nervous system issues develop, such as paralysis of facial muscles (Bell's Palsy) and diseases of the peripheral nerves (peripheral neuropathy). It is also common for arthritis and inflammation of the joints to appear, which cause swelling, stiffness and pain.

Lyme disease is diagnosed through a combination of a visual examination and a blood test for Lyme bacteria antibodies. Most cases of Lyme disease are curable using antibiotics, but the longer the delay, the more difficult it is to treat. Your dermatologist may prescribe medications to help alleviate joint stiffening.

The best form of prevention is to avoid tick bites. Use insect repellent containing DEET. Wear long sleeves and pants when outdoors. Tuck the sleeves into gloves and pants into socks to keep your skin covered. After a hike, check the skin and look for any tick bites, especially on children. If you do find a tick, don't panic. Use tweezers to disengage the tick from the skin. Grab the tick by the head or mouthparts as close as possible to where the bite has entered the skin. Pull firmly and steadily away from the skin until the tick disengages. Clean the bite wound with disinfectant and monitor the bite mark for other symptoms. You can place the tick in a jar or plastic bag and take it to your dermatologist for examination.


 
Our Offices

Ahwatukee:
15215 S. 48th Street, Suite 120
Phoenix, AZ 85044
Phone: 480.706.6580
Fax: 480.706.8157
 
Gilbert:
3011 S. Lindsay Road, Suite 111
Gilbert, AZ 85295
Phone: 480.507.5011
Fax: 480.355.1999
 
San Tan Valley:
36359 N. Gantzel Road, Suite 103
San Tan Valley, AZ 85140
Phone: 480.636.1193
Fax: 480.664.3661
 
Downtown Phoenix:
230 S. 3rd St. Suite B-4
Phoenix, AZ 85004
Phone: 602.374.2415
 
Central Phoenix:
3102 E. Indian School
Rd. #140
Phoenix, AZ 85016
Phone: 602.266.0266
 
North Phoenix:
20950 N. Tatum Blvd #350
Phoenix, AZ 85050
Phone: 480.502.6651
 
Casa Grande:
1729 North Trekell Road, #124
Casa Grande, AZ 85122
Phone: 520.421.7100
 
Mesa:
1242 E. McKellips Road, #103
Mesa, AZ 85203
Phone: 480.962.4269